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How To Create Vanity or Branded Nameservers with DigitalOcean Cloud Servers

Tutorials DigitalOcean DNS

Introduction #

Of particular interest to hosting providers or resellers, having branded or
vanity nameservers provides a more professional look to clients. It
eliminates the need of asking your clients to point their domains to another
company’s nameservers. This tutorial will outline two approaches to creating
custom nameservers: (i) Vanity and (ii) Branded.


Types #

Vanity nameservers allow you to use your own domain name, without having to setup complicated zone files; you can do this using DigitalOcean’s
nameservers and DNS Manager. This is accomplished by
mapping your custom nameservers to DigitalOcean’s IPs.
Branded Nameservers require a little more configuration, but allow you to exert complete control over DNS for your domain. The added control, however, carries with it the burden of having to self-manage your DNS. You’ll need to deploy at least two VPS, with specialized software such as BIND, PowerDNS or NSD
(for “name server daemon”). Wikipedia publishes a nice comparison of DNS server software.


Naming #

You can use any naming scheme you want. If you’re unsure, the most common
schemes are or


Prerequisites #

Ingredients for Both Vanity & Branded Nameservers:>

Ingredients for Both Vanity & Branded Nameservers: #

  1. Registered domain name from an established registrar, e.g. GoDaddy; NameCheap; 1&1; NetworkSolutions; etc. (at this time, DigitalOcean does not offer domain registration services.)
  2. Glue Records: Ascertain your domain registrar’s procedure for creating glue
    records. Different registrar’s refer to glue records by different names,
    such as GoDaddy whom refers to them as host names. Other providers may refer
    to the process as “registering a nameserver” or “creating a host record.”
    Glue records tell the rest of the world where to find your nameservers and are
    needed to prevent circular references. Circular references exist where the
    nameservers for a domain can’t be resolved without resolving the domain
    they’re responsible for. If you are not able to determine how to
    create Glue Records at your particular domain registrar (that is, how to
    “register a nameserver or host name”), then you need to contact your registrar
    directly and let them know that you need to register a nameserver.
For Vanity Nameservers Only>

For Vanity Nameservers Only #

DigitalOcean’s current IP addresses for its nameservers (which can be obtained by clicking on the respective hyperlinks, below; or, via nslookup; dig; or ping commands):

Additional Requirements if You’d Like to Maximize Control Over Your Domain’s DNS, with Branded Nameservers:>

Additional Requirements if You’d Like to Maximize Control Over Your Domain’s DNS, with Branded Nameservers: #

Create or identify at least two VPS that you control that will act as
Primary and Secondary Nameservers.
NOTE: It’s technically possible to have only one VPS act as both the Primary
and Secondary Nameserver. This approach, however, is not recommended because
it sacrifices the safety that redundancy provides (i.e., fault tolerance).
Keep in mind, however, that there’s no hard limit of only two nameservers for
your domain. You’re only limited by the number of nameservers that your
domain registrar allows you to register.
Deploy a DNS Server on your Primary and Secondary Nameservers. See

How to Setup DNS Slave Auto Configuration Using Virtualmin/Webmin on Ubuntu;

How to Install the BIND DNS Server on CentOS 6; or

How To Install PowerDNS on CentOS 6.3 x64

The Quick & Easy Recipe: Vanity Nameservers:>

The Quick & Easy Recipe: Vanity Nameservers: #

  1. First, login to your DigitalOcean Control Panel and add your domain name to
    the DigitalOcean DNS Manager.
  2. Then, create A Records for your vanity nameservers and point them to
    DigitalOcean’s IPs for;;
    To accomplish this, create a new host A-Record with (do NOT forget to end the hostname with a period) in the
    hostname field. The IP address to use for is the IP
    address you discovered for (above). Repeat these steps for and
    For example:
    (Do not forget the trailing dots)
A     [IP address for]
A     [IP address for]
A     [IP address for]
  1. Next, you need to replace DigitalOcean’s NS Records with each of
    your vanity nameservers in
    the DigitalOcean DNS Manager.
    (Do not forget the trailing dots)
  1. This next step will vary, depending on your domain name’s registrar: Login
    to your domain name registrar’s control panel and register the IPs of your
    nameservers by creating Glue Records. In another words, associate (or map) DigitalOcean’s nameserver IPs with your vanity nameservers’ hostnames.

    With GoDaddy, for example, simply login to your Domain Name Control Panel and look for the area where you can list Host Names. There, click on Manage => Add Hostname and enter NS1 for the Hostname and's IP address; click Add Hostname again and enter NS2 for the Hostname and's IP Address. Click Add Hostname yet a third time and add NS3 for the Hostname and's IP Address.

  2. Almost done! Skip down to the DNS Testing section.

Recipe for Maximum Control, with Branded Nameservers:>

Recipe for Maximum Control, with Branded Nameservers: #

The simplest way to configure DNS is to have someone else do it. For that reason,
you should consider using DigitalOcean’s DNS Manager.
If you really want to manage your domain’s DNS yourself, however, you next
need to deploy a DNS server such as BIND. A complete zone-file configuration is
beyond the scope of this tutorial. However, you need to ensure that you apply the
same principals described above:

  1. Create both A & NS Records for and
    (with BIND, especially, do not forget the trailing periods).
  2. Ultimately, your zone file will contain the following entries: IN  A
<pre> IN  A</pre>
<pre>     IN  NS</pre>
<pre>     IN  NS</pre>
  1. Remember, the IP addresses for your ns1 and ns2 A Records (and for your Glue Records) come from you–in that you have to set up at least two VPS to run your name servers.
  2. Login to your domain name registrar’s control panel and create Glue Records
    for as many nameservers you wish to deploy. Just make sure that you are
    using the IP addresses of servers under your control (and not the addresses of
    DigitalOcean’s nameservers).
DNS Testing>

DNS Testing #

To make sure you configured everything correctly, you can run the
Domain Configuration tool. Keep in mind, however, that, depending on your
registrar, nameserver changes can take up to 72 hours to properly propagate
throughout the Internet.
Article Submitted by: Pablo Carranza