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How To Install R on Ubuntu 18.04 [Quickstart]

Tutorials Quickstart R Ubuntu 18.04

Introduction #

R is an open-source programming language that specializes in statistical computing and graphics. In this tutorial, we will install R on an Ubuntu 18.04 server.
For a more detailed version of this tutorial, with better explanations of each step, please refer to How To Install R on Ubuntu 18.04.

Step 1 — Add GPG Key>

Step 1 — Add GPG Key #

Logged into your Ubuntu 18.04 server as a sudo non-root user, add the relevant GPG key.

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver --recv-keys E298A3A825C0D65DFD57CBB651716619E084DAB9

Step 2 — Add the R Repository>

Step 2 — Add the R Repository #

sudo add-apt-repository 'deb bionic-cran40/'

If you’re not using 18.04, find the relevant repository from the R Project Ubuntu list, named for each release.

Step 3 — Update Package Lists>

Step 3 — Update Package Lists #

sudo apt update

Step 4 — Install R>

Step 4 — Install R #

sudo apt install r-base

If prompted to confirm installation, press y to continue.

Step 5 — Test Install>

Step 5 — Test Install #

Start R’s interactive shell as root.

sudo -i R

You should receive output similar to the following:

R version 4.0.0 (2020-04-24) -- "Arbor Day"
Copyright (C) 2020 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing
Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)
Type 'demo()' for some demos, 'help()' for on-line help, or
'help.start()' for an HTML browser interface to help.
Type 'q()' to quit R.


This confirms that we’ve successfully installed R and entered its interactive shell.

Related Tutorials #

Here are links to more detailed tutorials that are related to this guide:

How To Install R on Ubuntu 18.04
How To Set Up RStudio On An Ubuntu Cloud Server
How To Set Up Shiny Server on Ubuntu 16.04